Assam Crisis

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Oxfam India continues to support victims of ethnic violence in Assam. Read more here:

Oxfam has reached over 89k people in BTAD since 2012 with food, water, sanitation and shelter. Read more:

Oxfam continues to work with those affected by ethnic violence in Assam. Oxfam has been addressing humanitarian emergencies arising from violent ethnic conflicts in Assam in 2012, and is committed in to long-term conflict transformation. ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Office) has supported Oxfam India's work in the region. Click here to read more about their involvement with our humanitarian response. 

Since July 2012 Oxfam has reached over 89706 people at several locations across the Bodo Territorial Autonomous District (BTAD) with food, clean water, sanitation, and hygiene materials along with support and training to raise awareness about hygienic practices. Assam had the highest number of conflict-induced Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) in the world during the year 2014, according to a report prepared by Asian Centre for Human Rights. Over 500,000 people were displaced by conflict and violence in Assam since 2012.

Oxfam has been focusing on livelihood, rehabilitation and restoration of the people who continue to live in the camps. We have also been intervening in returnee villages after carrying out a security and conflict analysis of the returnee villages to assist them in rebuilding their lives from scratch.

We provided transitional shelter support in Karbi Anglong to 49 Rengma Naga households after houses in that particular cluster were set on fire during the conflict. This included both material and cash support. The beneficiaries were selected based on the extent of the damage they suffered. Since our conflict intervention started in Assam, we have distributed 10,428 emergency shelter kits that gave shelter to over 62, 500 displaced people without a roof over their head. Our solar lamp distribution also helped in brightening up more than 19,500 lives in the camps, making their stay safer and easier.

Oxfam specializes in providing Water, Sanitation and Hygiene support in humanitarian crises. Our work in Assam includes providing hygiene kits containing soap, sanitary cloth, mosquito nets and sleeping mats to help families stay free of disease. We also set up temporary latrines and bathing spaces for women and provided water kits, containing a jerry can and water treatment materials, so that displaced families have clean, safe water. Improving sanitation in the camps has been a priority to reduce the risk of disease.

Here’s a summary of our work in Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and BTAD in Assam:

Oxfam Water, Hygiene and Sanitation (WASH) programmes:


  • 635 latrines installed.
  • 170 Hand pumps installed.
  • 29 Hand pumps received online chlorination treatment.
  • 6 Ground based water supply systems set up.
  • 10 Iron filters installed.
  • 200 water sources such as open dug wells and shallow hand pumps rehabilitated.
  • 125 bathing cubicles installed.
  • 12,964 hygiene kits distributed.
  • 10 Mark III pumps installed. 




  • 10,428 Emergency shelter kits distributed 
  • 3,260 solar lamps distributed
  • 50 households whose houses had been burnt down during the conflict received transitional shelter support. 

Oxfam Emergency Food Security and Livelihood (EFSVL) programmes:

  • 2,345 people received Unconditional Cash Transfers for their households.
  • 1,400 people received Cash for Work such as repairing village roads, building boulder and bamboo bridges across the river clearing orange orchards of weeds.
  • 1200 people received Conditional Cash Grants. 96% were women.
  • 1115 units of livestock were distributed for livestock rearing. They were vaccinated and insured too.
  • 6 Power tillers provided benefiting 1115 people. 
  • 1115 farmers were given seeds along with storage containers to keep them safe.




Central to Oxfam’s way of working on conflict response is our relationships with our key supporters. Our sincere thanks to ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Office) who make our work possible. Click here to see how they supported us.


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Budhin Pawrya, 26, and a mother of two, lost her home, her livestock and crops in the violence. With no roof over their head, she fears for her 5-year-old boy and 3-year-old daughter, braving the winter in the open.

Oxfam has mobilised its emergency contingency kits to Kokrajhar and other affected areas.

We are providing safe water, food assistance and emergency shelter and shelter sheds in Jamuguri, Kachugaon in Kokrajhar district. People have been displaced from their homes in these areas, and have arrived in the camps in search of food, water and safety from the violence.


Sarojini Mardi, 23, is a mother of three and is living in the open with her entire family. She fears going back to the village and is unsure how long she will have to stay in the relief camp.
“The cold and the poor conditions in the camps have made things even worse. We are scared for our children, what if they fall sick. We have no place to go but live out in the open,” she says.

Thousands of people need urgent humanitarian assistance now – including children and women who are out in the open in makeshift relief camps braving the winter.

Read how Oxfam Sheltered a family