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3 Innovations in Disaster Risk Reduction in India you should know about
About 57% of India’s land is vulnerable to earthquake, 28% to drought, and 15% to floods. Millions of Indians are displaced and severely affected by natural disasters every year. These three innovations are ensuring are making sure better disaster risk reduction techniques that save lives during disasters.
Oxfam’s Disaster Risk Reduction interventions
Oxfam India works with multiple stakeholders to design innovative disaster risk reduction (DRR) and resilience building programs for various communities. We run a series of programs in collaboration with the local administrations, non-governmental organizations and the private sector to prepare India to face disasters in a better manner.
Two of our DRR programs received a special mention by UNICEF and Cansa. These programs are Community Managed Flood Proof Pond Water Filter Systems and Volunteer Network Management Systems.
The former intervention addresses the water contamination issues in flood prone geographies while the latter strengthens community based early warning system through effective coordination amongst local actors in the last mile.
Through our DRR activities in 2017, we were able to reach out to 101544 people during India floods. With 750 existing water sources including hand pumps and open wells and supply water points tested and repaired.
We were able to reach to 94603 men, women and children for public health promotion activities and support16924 families with shelter and livelihood opportunities.
Area Development Programmes of World Vision India
ADPs (Area Development Programs) are integrated programs that help communities by assisting them to achieve a better standard of living and well-being. Each ADP touches the lives of 20,000 to 1,00,000 people.
When the 2017 floods hit the states of Bihar, West Bengal, Assam and Mizoram, claiming 790 lives; World Vision India sent out emergency relief that reached more than 22,500 people. Their services provided basic amenities such as dry ration, cooking oil, soaps and tarpaulin sheets to 3,610 households.
Safe School Programme of Plan International (India Chapter)
Plan India is on a mission to strengthen the resilience in education sector. The goal of this program is to ensure safety, accessibility, sustainability and relevance of children’s education in the context of disasters and climate change. They also aim to build a culture of safety and contribute to the resilience of the children and community.
Their program outline incorporates 200 schools through structural and non-structural mitigation and risk reduction measures. They reinforce building structures of schools to strengthen them. Non-structural measures include ensuring that casualties due to falling objects are avoided through anchoring of the architectural elements such as ensuring the outward opening of doors, filming of glass windows, anchoring of the cup boards, computers, etc.
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