The three states of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Odisha account for one-third of the total tribal population of India, with abundant forest wealth (one-fourth of the total resources) and mineral resources (two-thirds of the total resources). Low levels of literacy, poor health status, food insecurity and scant economic development are defining features of the communities’ dependence on forests. Access to reliable and affordable energy has a massive impact in reducing the burden of poverty and environmental degradation. The tribal region houses large coal based power plants feeding power into the energy grid, yet almost half of the population doesn’t have access to electricity or any other alternative sources of energy.
Oxfam India aims to:
•Strengthen forest dwellers access and rights over forest and community land and sustainable management of natural resources through implementation of the Forest Rights Act, 2006.
•Enable communities to exercise Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) during land diversion and advocacy on the role of district mineral foundations (as per amendment under Mines and Minerals Development and Regulation Amendment Act, 2015) for overall development of the affected communities.
•Strengthen livelihoods by enhancing access to sustainable energy and leveraging various developmental schemes of government for agriculture, horticulture, fisheries, NTFPs etc ensuring women’s participation and leadership.
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